The climate of India is tropical and is of various kinds differing with various geographical locations. We look at the entire continent of Asia there are eight major kinds of climatic zones. In India the climate can be divided into 6 different cycles which are around 2 months apart. These can be categorised as spring, summer, monsoons, early autumn, late autumn, and winter.
However, if we broadly look, climate in India can be divided into three major kinds which are Summer, Winter and Monsoon. Durations of these seasons is not fixed and can vary from place to place. India has extreme of all the climates. Tourists will be amazed to see the change in climate as they travel from one corner of the county to another.
At one end you have chilling air and snow clad mountains, another end you will experience scorching heat of Thar Desert. The climate also change depends on whether the place is by the sea side or by the mountains or amidst dense jungles. India like its culture and traditions, also offers varied kinds of climate. Different seasons and durations can lead to various kinds of festivals as well.
The best time to go for an India tour can be between the months of November to around mid-February. However, there are variations in climate based on the geographical location and thus each place’s weather and climatic conditions need to be looked upon before one finalises his/her plans of trip.
Three major kinds of weather in India are:
Summer in India
The season of summer in the Indian subcontinent is generally between the months of April and June. The weather starts getting hot with the month of March and reaches in prime in the months of late April and May. June is the hottest month in most parts of India. The temperature goes even beyond 45-46 degree Celsius is some parts of Northern India. Climate in Southern part of India is comparatively cooler even in summer months. It is always advised to wear light clothing and have lots of liquid intake during summer.
Monsoon in India
Monsoon season starts slowly and steadily from the Southern part of the country and gradually reached rest of the country. It is in the month of July when the monsoon mostly starts. The amount of rainfall also differs with geographical location. However, in general, south India sees more rainfall when compared to North India.
There are heavy rainfalls in the months from June to September along the west coast. In the eastern coast, rains are experienced during the months of mid-October and December. Monsoon winds carrying slight moisture blows from north eastern region to another part. From south-western part of India carry summer monsoon winds. Humid winds from the Indian Ocean reach between the months of June to September are followed by heavy rains. Summer monsoon is sometimes is also followed by heavy rainstorms that many a times lead to landslides and other calamities. In spite of all this, summer monsoon is welcomed because of the dependence on agriculture by people for their livelihood. Also a considerable amount of electricity generation depends on rains.
Winter in India
After the monsoon, the season of winter starts in India. It is during the months of November to March. In northern part of country, one can see snow clad mountains and experience snowfall and in southern part one can experience moderate and refreshing climate. The climate is mostly pleasant during this period. This is one of the best time to visit India and for domestic tourists to travel to various regions of the country.
Apart from areas with snowfall, the temperature extremely cold in areas such as Delhi and other states located in the northern region. The month of January is the coldest of the season in most part of the country. In some parts of the country temperature drops down to even 6-7 degree Celsius. And in hilly region, it comes down to even below zero degree Celsius.
This is the most pleasant time of the year and attracts hordes of tourists during this time. Not just tourists, various kinds of migratory birds also visit the country during this time adding on to its already rich fauna. Visiting bird sanctuaries and national parks can be a good idea during this time.